Revised September 2010
Journals should conform to existing standards and implement new standards as quickly as is practicable.
Commentary: Conformity to relevant standards is important for any journal wishing to offer the optimum publishing service for authors and readers. The library community traditionally has been active and collaborative in standards development. Given that most standards applying to scholarly journals generally have been developed with the active participation of LIS professionals and are even a regular subject for journal articles, it is particularly important for LIS journals to conform to the most current standards.
No comprehensive listing of standards applying to journals is attempted here; however, some of the most broadly valuable recent standards and organizations creating or supporting standards are indicated here
NISO, the National Information Standards Organization
NISO produces and maintains a wide range of standards, many of which apply to LIS journals. They develop information industry standards through the joint engagement of content publishers, libraries, and software developers. Please consult the organization’s Web site for a full listing of current, superseded, and in-process standards. Current standards are available at http://www.niso.org/kst/reports/standards. A few of the recent standards and best practices that are of particular relevance to LIS journal publishing practices include:
EDItEUR, The International Group for Electronic Commerce in the Book and Serials Sectors
EDItEUR is the international group coordinating development of the standards infrastructure for electronic commerce in the book and serials industries.
National Federation of Advanced Information Services (NFAIS)
Best Practices for Publishing Journal Articles includes recommendations regarding article level publishing (increasingly common with electronic journals as articles are released prior to issue publication).
UK Serials Group
Spanning the wide range of interests and activities between serials producers and readers, members of the UK Serials Group comprise more than 500 organizations, many of them based outside the UK, that engage a broad cross-section of people concerned with the publication, distribution and use of serials.
• TRANSFER Code of Practice
The COUNTER Codes of Practice comprise sets of agreed-upon international standards and protocols governing the recording and exchange of online usage data.
Crossref and DOI
CrossRef is an independent membership association, founded and directed by publishers. It is the official DOI® link registration agency for scholarly and professional publications and operates a cross-publisher citation linking system that allows a researcher to click on a reference citation on one publisher’s platform and link directly to the cited content on another publisher’s platform, subject to the target publisher’s access control practices.
Open Archives Initiative
With roots in the open access and institutional repository movements, the Open Archives Initiative develops and promotes interoperability standards that aim to facilitate the efficient dissemination of content. It has developed protocols for metadata harvesting and object reuse and exchange.
ALCTS: Association for Library Collections & Technical Services
A division of the American Library Association, ALCTS engages a wide range of members working with journals. The association maintains a list of serial standards and related initiatives at: http://www.ala.org/ala/mgrps/divs/alcts/resources/guides/serstdsbib/index.cfm
ALPSP: Association of Learned and Professional Society Publishers
An international trade association for not-for-profit publishers and those who work with them, ALPSP maintains information on standards at: http://www.alpsp.org/ngen_public/default.asp?ID=377&groupid=195&groupname=Information+and+Resources
NASIG: North American Serials Interest Group
NASIG is an independent organization that promotes communication, information, and continuing education about serials and the broader issues of scholarly communication. NASIG Guides occasionally address key serials standards and related initiatives. See http://www.nasig.org/publications_guides.cfm
The LIS Editors’ Web site provides updated lists of resources for editors, authors, and editorial boards. See http://www.lis-editors.org/resources/index.html